The speech of Sergio Mercuri, Coordinator for Sustainbility’s themes, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation at Advantage Footprint for Trade and Growth held in UNIBA for G7 on May 11, 2017 at Università degli Studi di Bari
When on September 2015 the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Resolution Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, commonly known as Agenda 2030, a complex international political process, lasting for decades, was finally fulfilled by achieving a significant and astonishing outcome.
The 35 pages of Agenda 2030 were providing the entire world, and for the first time in history, with a major strategic document where expectations and needs of both, developing countries and advanced economies, were simultaneously reflected. The logic of the Millennium Development Goals, the MDG adopted in 2000, focusing almost uniquely on development cooperation activities, was superseded by a new global framework addressed to developed as well as to developing countries. Furthermore it was much more aware of the interlinkages among various goals, different territories and their populations and time factors effects.
This year we celebrate 30 years since the publication in 1987 of the Brundtland Report (“Our Common Future”), the first international document aimed at harmonizing the needs of economic growth, environmental protection and social equality. Since then these three pillars
two of Sustainable Development were defined from the seminal work of a group of experts and brought forward through successive international conferences.
Presently the list of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals, detailed into 169 targets, is not just a catalogue of indistinct expectations. Each target is referred to a measurement system to be performed both at national and global level. At this moment around 230 indicators have been formally adopted by the relevant UN bodies and this new “metric” – although quite heavy to manage – is bound to produce in time a better set of reference data for the SDG implementation.